The Lexington Historical Commission (LHC) was established to preserve and develop the historical and archeological assets of the town. The Commission maintains an inventory of buildings, areas, and sites of architectural and/or historical importance in Lexington. It collects reference information and can assist those seeking National Register Nominations for their buildings or neighborhoods. The Historical Commission administers the demolition by-law.
Members must have professional qualifications in architecture, history or historical preservations with a sincere interest in the field and a majority of the Commission shall be residents of Lexington.
Appointed by: Town Manager with Selectmen's approval
Term: 3 years
The Town of Lexington is rich in cultural resources. Its role in the Revolutionary War has created a stewardship responsibility of its historical sites that extends to the nation at large; its later role in commercial expansion due to the arrival of the railroad created a building boom of late 19th and early 20th century housing stock that continues to distinguish the Town. Structures of the recent past—Moon Hill, Five Fields and the Peacock Farm enclaves throughout Town, among others — enhance Lexington’s diverse architectural heritage.
Lexington has received national and state recognition of its historic resources: four properties or areas have been designated as National Historic Landmarks by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior:
- The Battle Green
- Buckman Tavern
- Hancock-Clarke House
- Minuteman National Historical Park
Thirteen additional properties are individually listed on the National and State Registers of Historic Places, in addition to the Town’s listed National Register Historic Districts:
- Lexington Green Historic District
- Buckman Tavern Historic District
- Sanderson House–Munroe Tavern Historic District
The Metropolitan State Hospital Multiple Property National Register listing, shared with the towns of Belmont and Waltham, also contains a number of significant buildings. In addition, approximately 600 properties are protected through inclusion within one or another of the Town-established local historic districts:
- Battle Green
- East Village
- Munroe Tavern
The Lexington Historical Commission was created “for the preservation, protection and development of the historical or archeological resources” of the Town. Since the 1970s the LHC has documented over 1,400 historic resources located throughout Lexington. To ensure that these historically and architecturally significant structures are preserved, the LHC administers the Town’s Demolition Delay Bylaw. The LHC also endeavors to educate citizens of the breadth and importance of Lexington’s cultural heritage.